Florida Optometrist Shares Hereditary Eye Disease Information

Florida Optometrist Shares Hereditary Eye Disease Information

Genetic factors have been known to play a significant role in influencing many diseases in general, not just eye diseases. Some of these diseases are so severe that they could lead to blindness even among infants and small children. Studies by Optometrists Pembroke Pines have shown that at least 60 percent of all cases of eye blindness experienced among infants are due to inheritance, including diseases like congenital cataracts which are present at birth. Other common hereditary eye diseases include retinal degeneration, eye malformations, congenital glaucoma, and optic atrophy. Studies have also revealed that nearly 40 percent of patients with some forms of strabismus or ocular alignment have demonstrated to have a family history of this condition, although not much has been done to identify the genes responsible.


Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and glaucoma have been linked to blindness, and they all seem to be inherited eye diseases. Researchers have been able to map a number of genes for glaucoma and plans are underway to identify genes responsible for AMD. Some significant progress has also been made toward identifying the genes responsible for causing retinitis pigmentosa, which a degenerative disease affecting the retina and could result in gradual vision loss or even night blindness.

There have been questions regarding whether common vision issues can be inherited. Genetics have been responsible for causing eye issues among otherwise healthy eyes. Eye-related researchers have demonstrated that a majority of vision problems affecting children are due to genetic composition. These may include amblyopia, strabismus, and refraction errors like hyperopia and myopia.

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Diagnosis and Treatment

Physicians and specialists have worked together to ensure patients get early diagnosis and treatment to avoid complications of eye diseases that seem to be inherited. By providing evaluation and early treatment, physicians can be able to provide patients with specialized services that could help to correct their inherited eye diseases. In many cases, a genetic eye disease specialist will often work with you to ensure the problem is properly diagnosed before a proper follow-up and therapy. They possess the right expertise required to diagnose and offer proper advice regarding the best treatment for the hereditary disease.

Other common hereditary eye diseases include albinism, keratoconus, retinoblastoma, aniridia, colorblindness, Leber congenital amaurosis, corneal dystrophies, and retinitis pigmentosa. They also include various ocular pathologies, which are commonly transmitted from parent to child through inheritance. However, they do not cause visual impairment.

Knowledge regarding genetic eye diseases has been on the rise over the last two decades. While there are no statistics to help establish the exact extent of the damage caused by genetic-related visual impairment, there are concerns that genetic eye pathology could be responsible for causing blindness in industrialized nations.


Genetics have been faulted for the numerous eye diseases affecting children and even adults in today’s society. Some of these diseases have led to blindness among young children and adults. However, it is advisable to go for regular eye checkup so that your doctor can determine whether you have some hereditary eye diseases that may require prompt attention. The doctor will prescribe the most effective treatment for your hereditary eye disease.

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