Common Causes of Gum Swelling

Common Causes of Gum Swelling

Do you experience gum swelling frequently? If yes, you are not alone! New York gum swelling is a common oral problem that most people experience at some point in their life. It can cause discomfort, and pain and make it difficult to eat or brush your teeth. Here are common causes of gum swelling;

Poor oral hygiene

If you have not been maintaining a proper oral hygiene routine, your gums may become swollen and inflamed. Plaque and bacteria can build up along the gum line and cause irritation. You may also notice bleeding when you floss or brush. Ensure you brush twice a day and floss at least once daily to maintain good oral hygiene. Also, visit your dentist regularly for dental checkups and cleaning.


Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that causes inflammation and swelling of the gums. Gingivitis results from a buildup of plaque and tartar, and it causes red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Gingivitis can develop into periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease that can result in tooth loss if it is not treated. To prevent gingivitis, make sure you are practicing good oral hygiene and visiting your dentist regularly.


Smoking is not only bad for your overall health, but it can also cause gum swelling. Smoking can decrease blood flow to the gums, making them more susceptible to infection and inflammation. If you are a smoker experiencing gum swelling, it is important to quit smoking to help improve your oral health.

Hormonal changes

Hormonal changes can also cause your gums to swell. This is especially common in women who are pregnant or going through menopause. During pregnancy, the increased levels of progesterone can cause an overgrowth of bacteria in the mouth, leading to gingivitis. If you are going through menopause, the decrease in estrogen can also lead to gum inflammation.


Gum swelling can be caused by injury or trauma. If you accidentally bite your lip or hit your mouth, your gums may become swollen due to the injury. In addition, if you wear ill-fitting dentures or braces, you may experience gum swelling due to the constant pressure on your gums.

To prevent injury-related gum swelling, be careful when eating, avoid chewing on hard objects, and make sure your dental appliances fit properly.

Allergic reactions

Allergic reactions to oral hygiene products or food can also cause gum swelling. You may be allergic to a certain ingredient if you notice swelling, redness, or itching after using a new toothpaste, mouthwash, or eating certain foods.

Read the labels of oral hygiene products carefully, and avoid foods that cause an allergic reaction to prevent allergic reactions. Talk to your dentist or doctor if you are unsure about what is causing your symptoms.


Infections can also cause gum swelling. When bacteria enter the gum tissue, they can cause an infection that leads to swelling, redness, and tenderness. Gum abscesses, which are pockets of pus that form on the gums, can also cause swelling and discomfort.

Call Compassionate Endodontists in New York/NYC to book your appointment for treatment of gum swelling.

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